What Should Be Included in a Home Inspection Checklist?

Learn what should be included in a home inspection checklist for electrical systems, exterior structure components, heating & cooling systems & more.

What Should Be Included in a Home Inspection Checklist?

Checkpoints in a home inspection checklist must be items that typically go wrong on the field. This includes recurring problems from the past, daily issues, and critical elements that arise in project progress meetings. For electrical systems, the inspector will examine the wiring, main service panels, cables, fuses, and circuit breakers. As each item on the checklist is checked, the person performing the inspection verifies that each component of the equipment is working properly.

When inspecting a home, a professional must first examine the exterior of the property and its overall condition. The kitchen should be analyzed for the size and functionality of appliances, exhaust fan, drainage and flow of water, safety of outlets, and condition of cabinets and drawers. It is important to prepare checklists based on project schedule and inspection plans so that opinions of inspectors and customers can be added along with one's own observations. Regular inspections can help identify and address hazards; provide staff with necessary training; and verify that safety equipment such as fire extinguishers and first aid kits are up to date and well stocked. Since the homebuyer is an integral part of the inspection process, it is essential to do some preliminary work before a professional takes office.

The inspection checklist can help reduce misunderstandings and errors, establish procedures across departments, close gaps, and reduce miscommunication. Inspections also provide workers with an opportunity to raise concerns and address any issues related to health and safety. The inspector will conduct a thorough examination of the home and identify any problems that the buyer wants to negotiate with the seller to solve, as well as any catastrophic problems that could cause the purchase to be reconsidered. The exterior structural components of the home are some of the most expensive to repair or replace, so they must be carefully evaluated for condition and expected lifespan. The design of an inspection checklist should be simple, with elements in an order that fits the way each type of equipment will be inspected. After the examination, the housing inspector will submit a report that includes a checklist of main characteristics of the home, a summary description of each of the main living areas, notes, and photographs documenting any problems. Every home inspection must include a thorough evaluation of heating and cooling systems, as well as electrical and plumbing installations.

When inspecting windows and doors, one should look for rotten or deteriorated parts, cracks, improper installation, lack of caulking, and other damage.